Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat facial trauma and injuries that include:

  • Facial lacerations
  • Intra oral lacerations
  • Avulsed (knocked out) teeth
  • Fractured facial bones (cheek, nose or eye socket)
  • Fractured jaws (upper and lower jaw)

Injuries to the face cause a high degree of emotional and physical trauma to patients.  The treatment of these injuries requires special training, experience and an understanding of how the treatment provided will influence not only the patient’s appearance, but also the long term function.

There are many possible causes of facial trauma.  Motor vehicle accidents, accidental falls, sports injuries, interpersonal violence and work related injuries.  Types of facial injuries can range from tooth injuries to extremely severe injuries of the skin and bones of the face.  Facial injuries are typically classified either as soft tissue injuries (skin and gums), bony injuries (fractures), or injuries to special regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).

Soft tissue injuries such as lacerations of the face are repaired by suturing.  Although there is the obvious concern to provide a repair which yields the best cosmetic result possible, great care is also taken to inspect for and treat injuries to structures such as facial nerves, salivary glands and salivary ducts.

Bone injuries of the face, such as fractured bones are treated in a manner similar to fractures in other parts of the body.  The specific treatment is determined by many factors, such as the location of the fracture, the severity of the fracture, the age and general health of the patient.  Since a cast cannot be placed on the face, other means have been developed to stabilize facial fractures.  Some fractures involve wiring the upper and lower jaws together.  Other types of fractures are best treated and stabilized by the surgical placement of small plates and screws at the involved site.  This technique is called rigid fixation of a fracture.  The development and use of rigid fixation has profoundly improved the recovery period for many patients, restoring normal function more quickly.  Care is always taken to use the fewest possible incisions necessary, and whenever possible, placing the incision so the resultant scar is hidden.